The Citadel is a medieval Islamic fortification. The location, on Mokattam hill near the center of Cairo, was once famous for its fresh breeze and grand views of the city. It is now a preserved historic site, with mosques and museums.
The Citadel contains the Mosque of Muhammad Ali which was built between 1828 and 1848, perched on the summit of the citadel.
This mosque was built in memory of Tusun Pasha, Muhammad Ali's second son who died in 1816. However, it also represents Muhammad Ali's efforts to erase symbols of the Mamluk dynasty that he replaced.
The Egyptian Museum of Antiquities the Egyptian Museum (built in 1902) is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities. It has 120,000 items, with a representative amount on display.
The museum contains many important pieces of ancient Egyptian history. It houses the world’s largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities, and many treasures of King Tutankhamen.
Khan Khalili Bazar , the largest Bazar in Middle East this Market is famous for its unusual, typical oriental souvenirs and handmade crafts. Medieval atmosphere of this traditional market gives visitors great pleasure and glimpse into what medieval markets were like: Cafes, restaurants, shops.
Memphis, founded around 3,100 BC, is the legendary city of Menes, the King who united Upper and Lower Egypt. Early on, Memphis was more likely a fortress from which Menes controlled the land and water routes between Upper Egypt and the Delta.
Having probably originated in Upper Egypt, from Memphis he could control the conquered people of Lower Egypt. However, by the Third Dynasty, the building at Saqqara suggests that Memphis had become a sizable city.
Coptic Cairo is a part of Old Cairo which encompasses the Babylon Fortress, the Hanging Church, and many other Coptic churches and historical sites. It is believed that the Holy Family visited this area and stayed at the site of Saints Sergius and Bacchus Church (Abu Serga) Coptic Cairo was a stronghold for Christianity in Egypt until the Islamic era, though most of the current buildings of the churches in Coptic Cairo were built after the Muslim conquest of Egypt.
Coptic Cairo is a part of the religion community witch consists of Abraham bin Ezra synagogue (witch contains the most important Geniza documents) , Coptic churches and Amr bin Al-As mosque (first mosque was built in Egypt and Africa) that’s why the area is very important for the three major religions.
Today there are more than 93 Pyramids in Egypt; but the three main Pyramids are in Giza Plateau , which were built in the 4th Dynasty (circa 4650 B.C). The Pyramids of Ancient Egypt were built as tombs for Kings (and Queens), and it was the exclusive privilege to have a Pyramid tomb.
The most famous ones are those at Giza , The Great Sphinx, or as the ancients knew it, “Shesib Ankh” or “the living image”, has to be one of the most recognisable constructions in history.
The Pyramid of Djoser (Zoser), or step pyramid (kbhw-ntrw in Egyptian) is an archeological remain in the Saqqara necropolis, Egypt, northwest of the city of Memphis. It was built for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser by his minister Imhotep, during the 27th century BC.
It is the central feature of a vast mortuary complex in an enormous courtyard surrounded by ceremonial structures and decoration.